Parental modifiers, antisense transcripts and loss of imprinting

Citation:

Wilkins JF, Haig D. Parental modifiers, antisense transcripts and loss of imprinting. Proc Biol Sci. 2002;269 :1841-6.

Date Published:

Sep 7

Abstract:

The kinship theory of genomic imprinting has explained parent-specific gene expression as the outcome of an evolutionary conflict between the two alleles at a diploid locus of an offspring over how much to demand from parents. Previous models have predicted that maternally derived (madumnal) alleles will be silent at demand-enhancing loci, while paternally derived (padumnal) alleles will be silent at demand-suppressing loci, but these models have not considered the evolution of trans-acting modifiers that are expressed in parents and influence imprinted expression in offspring. We show that such modifiers will sometimes be selected to reactivate the silent padumnal allele at a demand-suppressing locus but will not be selected to reactivate the silent madumnal allele at a demand-enhancing locus. Therefore, imprinting of demand-suppressing loci is predicted to be less evolutionarily stable than imprinting of demand-enhancing loci.

Notes:

Wilkins, Jon FHaig, DavidengResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tEngland2002/09/28 04:00Proc Biol Sci. 2002 Sep 7;269(1502):1841-6.

Last updated on 01/26/2015